The Children of the Contact Line in East Ukraine - June 2017

Leading/Coordinating Organization(s)
United Nations Children's Fund
The first stage of this assessment involved a desk review of available information collected by UNICEF Ukraine, its partners, academic institutions and the Government of Ukraine. This was combined with consultations with UNICEF section chiefs, heads of field offices, and field office monitors to identify gaps in information.
In the second stage, pilot interviews and focus groups were designed and conducted at the same time as data requests were made to raion and oblast-level education and health facilities for compiling student numbers and geocoding contact line facilities. Eleven pilot interviews were conducted with school and kindergarten teachers in the 5km zone, staff of UNICEF-supported community protection centers (CPCs), as well as village and city council members who worked in education and social services.
The third stage involved semi-structured in-person interviews at 92 of the total 106 separate schools, kindergartens, boarding schools, and vocational schools in the 5km zone (87% of facilities). During this phase, every settlement with an educational facility in the 5km zone was visited and interviews conducted, but not all facilities in each settlement were visited.
The final stage consisted of transcription, coding and analysis of qualitative data as well as analysis, evaluation and verification of quantitative data. Quantitative student enrollment data obtained from raions was checked against self-reported enrollment numbers obtained during interviews.
An Assessment of the Situation of Children and Their Families Living in Government-Controlled Areas along the Contact Line in the East Ukraine Conflict Zone. This assessment focuses on the conditions of children and their families living in government-controlled territory within 15km of the contact line: a zone defined in the Minsk Agreements as a heavy weapons exclusion zone. In addition to distinguishing between areas within the 15km contact line and those beyond, this assessment makes a further distinction between the conditions of settlements within 5km of the contact line and those 5-15km away. There are certain factors unique to the 5km zone that heighten the vulnerability of children living there; chiefly the range of small arms and light weapons, the higher prevalence of mines and other explosive remnants of war, and the greater presence of checkpoints and restricted movement areas (i.e. the contact line itself).
Report completed
Ukraine > Donetska Oblast
Ukraine > Luhanska Oblast
Education (Ukraine)
Child Protection (Ukraine)
Assessment report