COVID-19: Bangladesh - Multi-Sectoral Anticipatory Impact and Needs Analysis

Key findings
Major findings and trends emerging from the study are noted below:

The humanitarian vulnerabilities and needs emerging as a result of lockdown measures, and its resulting economic implications will be nuanced for specific clusters of at-risk populations, based both on geographic and dimensions. The impact will also be most pronounced for people who are already suffering from multiple vulnerabilities and deprivations.
More people are likely to vulnerable categories due to expected challenges. This includes people marginally above the poverty level falling below the poverty line due to loss of income and employment during this period. 
People rely on unsustainable, daily wage-earning in order to support themselves and their families. Current situation measures have and will continue to severely affect daily wage earners.
Loss income will have broader implications areas such as food security, WASH, protection, health, and education.
People of Bangladesh mostly dependent on agriculture and due to lockdown the value chain of perishable items are disrupted and will the producers to shut down production. Once  shut down; it will take years to recover which will negatively impact on food availability and also a huge number of  will vulnerable and aid dependent.
There will be loss of agriculture production due to lack of inputs like seeds, fertilizer etc. This will negatively impact agricultural production and farmer’s livelihood.
Considering food security and the nutrition situation will be and the number of SAM children will increase including increased maternal and child mortality.
The humanitarian impact is likely to be among already at-risk ethnic community groups low-income families, people with disabilities, returnee migrant workers, informal and low wage earners such as daily women headed household, transgender and sex worker and tea plantation workers.
As restrictions will likely continue to ensure the public health of the wider population, people will be required to rely on any savings available, government and other support measures to continue their lives under lockdown. More than 52% of the people have indicated that they have not received any support since lockdown/ movement restrictions (26 March 2020) were put in place. Resorting to negative coping mechanisms is set to increase with the most likely options set to be distress selling and skipping meals.
The findings have highlighted that lockdown restrictions are already impacting food security and nutrition, with prices of essential items showing an increase.
As restrictions continue, further impact food production and supply chains, the most vulnerable groups will be an of food availability and diversity – with considerable implications for needs.
Due to the loss of daily work, migrant workers will likely return to their communities, which will have a number of broader social and economic implications.
Protection and safety issues such as domestic and intimate partner violence and child exploitation will likely increase and become compounded by factors such as loss of income, school closures, returning migrant workers, communities remaining under lockdown for prolonged periods, and inability to access regular safety and support mechanisms.
Maternal mortality will likely increase with necessary PPE reducing the availability of skilled midwives, and mothers opting for home births due to safety worries and social stigma.
Women, girls, and female-headed households are likely to face more severe impacts during the ongoing situation. LGBTIQ+ groups, especially those who do not have an adequate support structure within their communities remain at high risk during this period.
There will be a significant impact on the private sector, especially resulting in a snowball effect to the communities linked to them.
The upcoming cyclone and monsoon seasons (and resulting flooding and landslides) will further increase the vulnerability of at-risk groups.
Leading/Coordinating Organization(s)
CARE International
Level of Representation
District (admin 2)
Sample size
The anticipatory analysis aims to provide a rapid overview of the impact of ongoing COVID-19 health emergency, and its inevitable impacts on and other sectors. Countries such as Bangladesh with about 20% extreme poor household and higher number of having unsustainable livelihood dependency, can anticipate severe impacts on them due to the current COVID-19 situation.

Needs Assessment Working Group in Bangladesh, comprising of both  Government and non-government humanitarian agencies have undertaken this analysis to assess the humanitarian impact that can be anticipated in the current context. The primary goal is identifying persisting and anticipatory needs through composite primary and secondary information-based analysis. Purposive sampling was done to conduct of the community from diversified and livelihood groups, complemented by additional key informant interviews to determine the anticipated impacts. For the secondary review, four dimensions were analyzed; i.e. Demographic and Social Vulnerability, Economic and Physical Vulnerability Recurring Disaster Vulnerability  along with Urban focused unsustainable livelihood and exposure analysis.

Analysis done based on secondary pre-crisis information from Government (BBS) and other reliable sources, sector specific analysis the respective clusters and primary data through individual interview covering most vulnerable rural and urban settlements and Key Informant Interview (KII) with local administration, public representative and health personnel's  both urban and rural settings. Primary data collected through more than 40 local, national and international presence on See details of the methodology from below.
Capacity Building
Child Protection
Early Recovery
Food/Nutrition Crisis
Humanitarian Access
Index for Risk Management
Indigenous populations
Information Management
Market Assessment
Multi-Cluster Initial Rapid Assessment
Natural Disasters
Needs Assessment
Sexual and Gender based Violence
Strategic Planning
Report completed
Needs Assessment Working Group (NAWG) Bangladesh (Bangladesh)
Assessment report
Assessment data
Assessment questionnaire