The GBV Sub Cluster Rapid Assessment on the Impact of COVID-19 Outbreak on Gender-based Violence in Iraq

The GBV Sub Cluster Rapid Assessment on the Impact of COVID-19 Outbreak on Gender-based Violence in Iraq

Subject/Objective: 
Get an improved  understanding and insight into the impact of COVID-19 on GBV occurrence/s and GBV service provision during the COVID-19 crisis.  To get a deeper understanding of the needs of survivors of GBV as well as women and girls at-risk of GBV. To use the assessment as an evidence-based tool for improved advocacy, resource mobilization, partnership-building to accelerate service delivery, service providers’ capacity to respond, and survivors’ access to life-saving services
Methodology: 
An online Kobo-based structured questionnaire was designed to collect quantitative and qualitative data from partners. 36 GBV partners (23 NNGOs and 13 INGOs) participated in the exercise and shared information on 109 GBV service provision points (including 92 static centers and 17 GBV mobile teams) in 11 governorates, 28 districts, and 42 sub-districts across Iraq. The exercise also included a secondary data review using data obtained from the Health Cluster’s rapid assessment of the service provision of health actors to GBV survivors through the COVID-19 pandemic thus far; the Iraq Information Centre (IIC) statistics for GBV; findings from the Protection Cluster’s COVID-19 community-level monitoring tool targeting key informants; and GBV Sub Cluster analysis of the 2020 HRP and 3RP GBV response progress and gaps thus far.
Key findings: 
65 per cent of the service provision points reported an increase in one or more types of GBV in their areas of intervention. Of which, 94 per cent reported a sharp increase in domestic violence reportedly perpetrated by a spouse or other family member/s within the household.  123 GBV-related suicide attempts or incidents were reported involving women and girls, with the majority of incidents being reported in Ninewa, Diyala and Kirkuk governorates. 62 incidents were reported where families denied women and girls access to quarantine or health facilities due to strict social norms.  The majority of such incidents reportedly occurred in Ninewa, Diyala, Dohuk, Kirkuk and Erbil governorates. 94 per cent of the respondents reported financial constraints, including lack or loss of livelihood or income; 92 per cent of the respondents reported stress from the confinement; while 73 per cent of the respondents reported the lack of social amenities and networks as the main reasons for reported increase of domestic violence incidents. Female-headed households, adolescent girls, under-age mothers, and families perceived to be affiliated to extremist groups were reportedly among the top four vulnerable and at-risk groups for acts of GBV by respectively 82 per cent, 80 per cent, 73 per cent and 61 per cent of the respondents. Livelihoods and cash assistance were reported as the least available services for GBV survivors by 64 per cent of the respondents, followed by legal assistance (by 53 per cent) and safe shelter (by 43 per cent). Loss of income, harmful social norms or traditional practices, lack of health services (including reproductive health), and lack of safe shelter for GBV survivors were among some of the top reported GBV risks. In terms of impact on access and service provision, 87 per cent of the service provision points reported movement restrictions in their areas of intervention at the time of the assessment. 50 per cent of service provision points reported the need for access letters as a pre-requisite condition from the concerned authorities in order to continue providing services during the COVID-19 outbreak. Movement restrictions were reported as an impediment in the identification of new GBV cases and access to life-saving services for survivors. An overall reduction in GBV response services was reported by around 50 per cent for case management, 60 per cent for psychosocial support, and 50 per cent for awareness raising activities in March and April compared with the planned targets. Delay of referrals and distribution of dignity kits activities was also reported in most of the assessed service points during the lockdown and curfew.
Assessment Report: 
Assessment Questionnaire: 
Available on Request
Assessment Data: 
Not Available
Countries: 
Iraq
Assessment Date(s): 
29 Apr 2020 to 10 May 2020
Status: 
Report completed
Population Type(s): 
IDPs
Refugees
Returnees
Host communities
Cluster(s)/Sector(s): 
Iraq: Gender Based Violence
Leading/Coordinating Organization(s): 
United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA)
Location(s): 
Iraq