Monitoring: Needs and Response Updates in the Humanitarian Programme Cycle
Humanitarian programme cycle (HPC) analysis and planning are currently mostly executed as a “one-off” exercise mostly during the third quarter of the year. This is problematic for various reasons:
- The process has become too product-focused, driven by the drafting of Humanitarian NeedsOverview (HNO) and Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) documents that eventually enable theproduction of the annual Global Humanitarian Overview (GHO), which is important to fund-raising efforts.
- It is resource-intensive, requiring significant staff time from OCHA and partners.
- It results in a snapshot of needs and response priorities that become often quickly out of date, asthe situation evolves.
More regular updates of humanitarian needs and response progress and gaps should help address these issues by consolidating and analysing information and data throughout the year, as required, with the aim to inform more timely and relevant response decisions by the Humanitarian Country Team (HCT). There is nothing new in this concept, as monitoring has been an integral part of the HPC since its inception with the Transformative Agenda in 2011. However, its implementation has proven elusive, including because of the heavy focus on the yearly HNO and HRP outputs.